Thursday, February 19, 2009

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Anxiety and worry can be a regular response of a person on different hard situations and stresses in daily life. Symptoms of normal or moderate anxiety are well-known: pounding heart, stomach ache, dry mouth, shaking hands, and so on.

Actually, anxiety should not be considered a medical problem, unless it takes intense and hard forms. Many people frequently feel excessive anxiety and inability to cope with it. In such cases it is supposed that they suffer from so called anxiety disorders, which are rather common and dangerous health concerns which can affect a person's physical and mental activities, behavior and life in general.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) belongs to the group of anxiety disorders. This is a psychological disorder, which is commonly characterized with recurrent obsessive thoughts followed by a desire to perform certain rituals or repeated behaviors, such as washing hands, counting, etc.

Performing these rituals is aimed on escaping from obsessive thoughts or receiving some relief, and non-performing those causes considerable raise of anxiety and worry. At that, people with OCD do not take pleasure from their rituals. Moreover, the majority of OCD people understand that their obsession-ritual actions have no sense, but they are unable to stop them and frequently try to hide them from family members or friends.

OCD is a serious mental disorder, which affects, first of all, the patient and his/her life, work and normal activities. It makes a person feel dependent on own mental condition, seriously lowers self-esteem and damages self-perception, causes stresses, hopelessness, lack of self-confidence, and increases sense of own insufficiency.

Besides, this disorder affects not only individuals, but their families, relatives and friends as well. It is not easy to co-exist with OCD patients, therefore the mission of family members and close people of such people is to demonstrate tolerance, understanding, flexibility and optimism. They have to provide people with OCD with normal conditions of everyday routine, help and support them, encourage every progress and challenge them to enjoy this life to the full extend.

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